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Water Facts
• The first municipal water filtration works opened in Paisley, Scotland, in 1832.
• Of all the earth’s water, 97% is salt water found in oceans and seas.
• Only 3% of the earth’s water is fresh water. Two percent is currently frozen.
• About two thirds of the human body is water. Some parts of the body contain more water than others. For example, 70% of
  your skin is water.
• There are more than 56,000 community water systems providing water to the public in the United States.
• Public water suppliers process 43 billion gallons of water per day for domestic and public use.
• Approximately 1 million miles of pipelines and aqueducts carry water in the United States and Canada. That’s enough to circle
  the earth 40 times.
• About 800,000 water wells are drilled each year in the United States for domestic farming, commercial, and water-testing
  purposes.
• Typically, households consume at least 50% of their water by lawn sprinkling. Inside toilets use the most water, with an
  average of 27 gallons per person per day.
• In 1974, Congress passed the Safe Drinking Water Act to ensure that drinking water is safe for human consumption. The Act
  requires public water systems to monitor and treat drinking water for safety.
• The average person spends less than 1% of his/her total personal income for water, wastewater, and water disposal service.
• More than 13 million households get their water from their own private wells and are responsible for treating and pumping the
  water themselves.
• The average daily requirement for fresh water in the United States is about 40 billion gallons a day, with about 300 billion
  gallons used untreated for agricultural and commercial purposes.
• You can survive about a month without food but only 5 to 7 days without water.
• On average, each American uses about 160 gallons of water a day.
• The average five-minute shower takes between 15 to 25 gallons of water.
• An automatic dishwasher uses approximately 9 to 12 gallons of water while hand washing dishes can use up to 20 gallons.
• If every household in America had a faucet that dripped once each second, 928 million gallons of water a day would leak
  away.
• A dairy cow must drink 4 gallons of water to produce 1 gallon of milk.
• One gallon of water weighs approximately 8.34 pounds.
• One inch of rainfall drops 7,000 gallons, or nearly 30 tons of water, on a 60’ x 180’ piece of land.
• 300 million gallons of water are needed to produce a single day’s supply of U.S. newsprint.
• We can protect our water sources by properly disposing of household chemicals, preventing them from contaminating our
  water sources.


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